WATER, A WEAPON OF WAR?

Source : ONU, PNUD

According to the UN, 263 water-related conflicts have been recorded since 2000. In two decades, this type of conflict has increased threefold.

Water-related conflicts were, for the first time, placed first on the list of future risks by the Davos World Economic Forum in 2015. The CNRS also recalled that water has become a real economic issue in contemporary international relations.

Take the example of the Great Renaissance Dam on the Nile in Ethiopia, under construction since 2011 and is expected to start producing its first sparks in 2020. This dam is the terror of the Egyptians, the happiness of the Ethiopians and arrange the Sudanese, the 3 countries are in negotiations for 9 years and they do not manage to find an agreement on the exploitation of the resource of the largest river in the world.

One could imagine that international treaties would be signed to avoid any possibility of conflict. However, it has only about 200 treaties that have been identified to date, covering only 60 basins of the world’s 260 transboundary river basins.

Other examples could be cited. We often talk about the «diagonal of thirst» going from Gibraltar to North-East China, Jordan is a country, although still stable socially, which remains to be «monitored», Daesh had occupied the dams of the Euphrates and the Tigris. In August 2015, Syrian rebels sabotaged a water source that almost completely deprived Damascus of water for three days. It would also be possible to list the various raids that have affected infrastructure related to water supply, treatment or distribution, but the list is growing every day.

Some analysts point out that this “blue gold” could replace “black gold” in conflicts between states. The lack of water has indeed become a catalyst for conflict in international relations.

In the area from the Sahel to Afghanistan, water is a real source of local conflict, forced migration, growing social disparities and is often used as a means of pressure also exerted on the populations.

World for Chad is convinced that this «blue gold» is a real lever of development for the populations of the Chadian villages. For the past 10 years, we have wanted to be an infallible support for all our beneficiaries who rely on us.

Fight alongside us to ensure that the inhabitants of the villages of Chad do not encounter any more dams!

Sources
Article « Ces « guerre de l’eau » qui nous menacent », Les Echos, August 30th, 2016
« Les conséquences du manque d’eau », Solidarités international
Article « Barrage sur le Nil : enfin la renaissance pour l’Ethiopie », Jeune Afrique, January 3rd 2020
Article « La prochaine mise en marche en Ethiopie du Grand barrage de la Renaissance exacerbe l’angoisse des Egyptiens » France Info Afrique, December 19th 2019

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